What is Discrimination in the Workplace?
Discrimination in the Workplace is any employer action – such as promoting, demoting, firing or hiring – that is done because of some kind of prejudice and produces unfair employee treatment. The discrimination can be based upon gender, race, national origin, religion, age or a physical or mental disability. (Recently, sexual orientation or identification has begun being added to the list.) The practice is prohibited by numerous federal and state laws.
Two of the most well-known federal laws prohibiting discrimination are the 1963 Equal Pay Act, which mandated women and men both receive equal pay for equal work, and the 1964 Civil Rights Act, which prohibited discrimination because of national origin, race or religion (gender was added later).